Products – Flowers

Products – Flowers

FLOWERS

At J&L, we take great pride in the variety and the quality of our flowers; both ‘Annual Flowers’ and ‘Perennial Flowers’.

  • What kind of flowers are you looking for to plant in your flower beds?
  • How many do you need?
  • How far apart do you plant them?
  • How much fertilizer and water do they need?
    These are the types of questions we can help you answer.

 

  

 

Annual flowers
An annual flower is considered to be a plant which lives for just one growing season.

The plant grows, blooms, and produces seeds during the spring and summer, and then dies when the cold winter weather arrives. Marigolds, petunias, vinca, salvia, geraniums, begonias, sweet potato vine, nasturium, impatiens, and lobelia are some of the common annual flowers.

Some perennial flowers are considered annual flowers in Utah because they will not survive the cold winter temperatures. Gardenias, Euryops Daisies, Hawiian Hibiscus, Jasmine, Bouganvillea, Mandevillas and Purple fountain grass are considered an annual plant in this area, even though they are actually perennial flowers in southern California and Mexico.

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Perennial flowers

Perennial flowers are plants that live three or more years. They usually do not bloom all summer, but they bloom for specific periods during the summer.

With proper selection, you can have a few perennial flowers blooming all summer. Mix a few perennial flowers among your annual flowers in your gardens this year. Daisies, daylilies, coreopsis, bleeding heart, gaillardia daisy, coral bells, dianthus, sedum, ferns, astilbe, hosta, lilies,chrysanthemums, and peonies are just a few of the common perennial flowers that really add variety to your flower gardens.

Some perennial flowers are considered to be short-lived perennials. They often die when they reach 3 years old. Delphiniums and lupine are often listed in this category. One of the biggest problems with perennial flowers is teaching them how to stay in the space allotted to them. Hence, dividing and replanting perennial flowers regularly is a must!

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Container Gardening
Since early times gardeners have grown plants in containers. It is as old as gardening itself. Flowering plants were grown in ornate vases in China long before the Christian era began. Shrub-filled clay pots were a feature of the gardens in Ancient Greece, Egypt, and Rome. The Grand Gardens of Britain and France have long had their impressive stone urns filled to overflowing with flowers.The concept of container gardening may have been around for hundreds of years, but it is now the fastest-growing sector of the gardening scene. Container gardening has become even more popular, partly due to the increase of apartment and condo dwellers, but also because many homeowners want to add color to their porches and patios. Container gardening is amazingly flexible. A broad spectrum of plants can be used, including some very pretty herbs and vegetable plants. Hanging Baskets are great to liven up that special corner of your patio and yard. With proper watering, they can provide added beauty to your landscape all summer long. J&L has gorgeous hanging baskets available from Mother’s Day Weekend through the end of July. Water them consistently, fertilize them regularly, and they will bloom continually. You can sit back and enjoy their beauty.

If you get a chance to come and visit our nursery, be assured we will have well-trained and experienced sales people to help you find that specific container plant you are looking for.

Butterfly Gardening
Butterflies make a lovely ornament in a garden, and creating a butterfly garden is fun for the gardener and rewarding for the butterflies. You can attract butterflies for much of the year by growing a succession of flowers and herbs that bloom from spring through fall. Butterflies have a few simple needs; sunlight, nectar sources, host plants on which to lay eggs, water, basking areas and roosting areas. Food has to be available for the adult butterflies (which sip nectar) and for their caterpillar offspring (who eat specific plants). Some of the nectar plants for butterflies are Aster, Liatris, Coreopsis, Purple Coneflower, and Butterfly Bush.

Most flowering herbs are also popular with butterflies. Try staggering wild and cultivated plants, as well as blooming times of the day and year. Groups of the same plants will be easier for butterflies to see than singly planted flowers. Place short species in front and tall ones in back, and clump them by species and color. Butterflies are attracted particularly to red, yellow, orange, and purple flowers. Avoid big showy flowers bred for their size; they are often poor sources of nectar. Although we find them delightful to watch, butterflies are insects, of course, so go easy on insecticides in the garden.

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Bulbs Fall Planting of Spring Blooming Bulbs Handout

Fall planted bulbs don’t bloom until spring, but they are perhaps the easiest of all flowers to plant, grow, and have bloom. It is almost impossible to make a mistake planting fall bulbs because all the nutrients the bulbs need to bloom are already stored inside the bulb before you buy them. To keep bulbs healthy year after year requires a little more care. The most important steps for planting and keeping bulbs healthy are:

  1. Prepare the soil before planting
  2. Choose healthy bulbs
  3. Plan your design
  4. Plant bulbs properly
  5. Take care of your bulbs properly after they bloom.


Planting Bulb Gardens

The hardest part about planting bulbs is deciding which bulbs you like best and knowing when to stop buying bulbs.

Dahlias
Whether you grow dahlias from seeds or from tubers, dahlias can furnish a vast array of colorful flowers from summer through fall. From a few wild Mexican and Guatemalan dahlia varieties, hybridizers have created a myriad of showy varieties of garden dahlias. The plants range in height from six inches to six feet tall.

The blossoms vary from one inch to over twelve inches in diameter. There is a wide variety of colors, styles and shapes available, perfect to add color and variety to your flower gardens.

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Cannas
Cannas grow best in the full, hot sun. They look their best when they are planted in groups of three to five roots; either with all the same color or with multiple colors or varieties. Cannas are easy to plant, easy to grow, and are fun to watch bloom. Perhaps one of the biggest advantages of cannas is that deer don’t seem to care for the taste of the canna leaves; deer just seem to leave them alone.

The only real problem cannas encounter is that slugs and snails love to eat little holes in their big leaves. With just a little slug and snail bait, you can plant cannas and just watch them grow without much fuss

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Gladiolus handout
Gladiolus bring beauty and color to gardens and flower beds throughout the summer. They are members of the Iris family and were first found growing among the tall grasses along riverbanks in Africa. The gladiolus have been hybridized over the years to produce the large florets we have become accustomed to. Gladiolus blossoms start opening from the bottom and work their way up the stem, opening one or two at a time.

The blossom period, of each blossom stem, can be two weeks long. They make great cut flowers and will remain beautiful in flower vases up to two full weeks, especially if you cut your flower stem when the first floret opens.

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Amaryllis
The Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) is truly a spectacular plant that has become a conversation piece for the indoor gardener. Amaryllis Bulbs originated in the tropical areas of South America but they have been grown and hybridized throughout the world. The Amaryllis bulb is a perennial bulb but it must be taken inside during the winter in cold climates. With proper care the Amaryllis bulb can produce spectacular blossoms for several years.Amaryllis bulbs vary in size. As a rule, larger bulbs produce more stems and flowers than smaller bulbs. Small (26cm – 28cm size) bulbs produce one or two flower stems with three to five flowers on each stem. Medium (34cm size) bulbs produce two to four flower stems with four to five flowers on each stem. Large (40cm size) bulbs produce three to five flower stems with four to five flowers on each stem. Amaryllis bulbs produce an abundance of flowers and make a real show! J&L specializes in the 34cm and larger bulbs. We feature at least 15 different varieties of amaryllis bulbs to choose from. Amaryllis bulbs are available from October through January. We try to have some available for Valentines day, but that does not always happen, we sell them too fast.
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Forcing Bulbs Handout
The fragrance, the color, and the special magic of spring flowers can brighten your home this winter. With a little planning and preparation you can have blooming flowers from December through April. A pot of flowering bulbs makes a wonderful gift for a birthday or other special occasion.

Although most bulbs can be forced to bloom early, some bulb varieties are easier to force than others. Paperwhite narcissus do not have any special cold treatments and can be grown with or without soil: they can be grown in just gravel and water. Paperwhite narcissus will bloom about four to eight weeks after they are planted. Hyacinths can also be forced to grow and bloom with or without soil, however, hyacinths must be chilled eight to twelve weeks to bloom. Following a few simple steps will produce amazing results.

Please click on any of the following topics for more specific information.

  • Forcing Bulbs
  • Forcing Tulips
  • Forcing Paper White Bulbs
  • Forcing Hyacinths

Bulb forcing is not as simple as tossing a bag of bulbs in the refrigerator for a couple of weeks, pulling them out, potting them, and watching them bloom. Paperwhites, however, are practically foolproof and don’t require much preparation or care. If you would like to attempt to force other types of bulbs such as tulips, daffodils, or hyacinths, you will need to take a little more time and care. Select any variety you wish (always choose the largest bulbs available) and then begin the “forcing” procedures. Pot the bulbs in good, loose potting soil as close together as possible, but do not let the bulbs touch each other. Seven bulbs will usually fit nicely in an eight inch pot. The pot should have a drain hole and be twice as deep as the diameter of the bulbs.

After potting the bulbs, label the pots and water them. Place the pots in a dark area that remains below 40 degrees. The idea is to simulate winter. During winter months the bulb is not dormant; it is growing roots and storing energy for its blossom. You may need to water the pots occasionally during this cooling time; remember it snows outside during the winter, giving bulbs needed water. Check your pots every week or two to make sure the soil doesn’t dry out.

If you don’t have a cool area inside the house, you can put your pots of bulbs outside in a protected area; somewhere you can get to easily during the winter. Many people bury their pots in a trench right next to the house. Other people put them in a shed or in an unheated garage. After eight weeks start bringing one pot of bulbs inside every two or three weeks. Put the pot in a warm, brightly lit area. Begin watering the pot more frequently. Leaves will start to emerge in about one or two weeks. The flowers will follow in another three to four weeks. Total forcing time: 10 to 12 weeks. By waiting at least two weeks to bring in another pot of bulbs in from the cold you can have some blooming flowers all winter long. Try a few pots of bulbs this winter and let us know how well you did. We have a free Bulb Forcing Guide, please stop by and pick one up.

You may want to have a few hyacinth bulbs, already growing in jars, that you started forcing in Septembe. They make great gifts and they are fun to watch grow and bloom.

Planting Time. There are many, many factors that determine when the correct time to plant annual flowers, perennial flowers, and vegetables outside in the garden.  A general rule of thumb is to start plants inside, or in a greenhouse, about six to eight weeks before you want to plant them outside.

Weather is the biggest factor that must be considered to determine when it is safe to plant outside. Some of the major weather factors include both day time and night time temperatures, wind and windchill conditions, sun, rain, snow, and posssible late frosts. The weather may be hot and dry in March or April and then turn cold and wet in May. It is hard for even experienced weathermen to predict what the weather may turn out to be. The average last frost in Utah is about May 15, but it has been know to snow even on Memorial Day.  Be Careful!

Plant conditions must also be considered when you want to plant outside. Some of these conditions are the type of plant, the age of the plant, how the plant was grown, the condition the plant is currently in, and where the plant will be located. A plant that is hardened off can withstand more unfavorable conditions than a tender plant, fresh from a hot room. A plant next to the house in a southern exposure will be more protected than a plant out in the open, or in a shady location.

We have a Handout giving some basic information about when to plant flowers and vegetables. These are just guidelines – you have to make the final decision.

How Many Plants? The answer to that question is hard to explain with a simple statement. What kind of plants do you like? How big do the plants grow. Do you want an instant garden, or do you want to have space for them to grow during the summer? For some basic guidelines about how many plants a garden ‘May Require’.

Protect Your Plants from the ‘Early’ and ‘Late’ Frosts
Mother Nature does have a way of ruining your best gardening plans. We seem to get ‘One Last Frost’ just after we get the garden planted for the year. Or, we get “One Early Frost’ with another 6 weeks of gardening left in the fall. Many frost prevention products are available: Wall of Water, Frost Blankets, and Hotcaps.

You can also use blankets, sheets, burlap bags, and plastic (be careful so the plastic does’t touch the plants or frost damage may still occur). A new product – ‘Freeze Pruf’ – is now available for use on both Vegetables and Flowers. It is manufactured by the Liquid Fence Company and shows real potential in preventing damage from the ‘Early’ and ‘Late’ frosts.

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